Zechariah is full of apocalyptic literature and prophesies of the Messiah. He writes between 520-518 BC. He prophesied to the post exilic community and is a contemporary of Haggai. Zechariah speaks prophetically of the new covenant.
Malachi is a post exilic prophet. The word covenant occurs seven times in this short book. “The Lord of Hosts” is another phase that comes up many times. Malachi has a question/answer method. It can also be called a Prophetic Dispute. The three themes are the honor of God, covenantal faithfulness, and repentance and remembrance.
We know very little about the prophet Haggai. He is mentioned twice in Ezra and is only in the book of Haggai for a few verses. We know that he was an encouragement during the rebuilding of the temple after the exile. Haggai started prophesying in 520 B.C.
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